Brief introduction of hand-cranked flat knitting machine (1)

Update:11 Jun 2021

(1) Basic knowledge of knitting-know the hand-operated […]

(1) Basic knowledge of knitting-know the hand-operated flat knitting machine
The flat knitting machine is suitable for the knitting of cotton, wool, hemp, silk, cashmere, and various chemical fibers and blended yarns. The product can knit plain weave, rib weave, inter-color, pit strip, twisted rope, bead, three flat, four flat, dang wave, needle moving, valley wave, chicken shovel, needle moving and hole picking, and second and third level fancy patterns. It can be used as auxiliary equipment for the weaving, ribs, and belts of brother jacquard knitting machines, silver flute jacquard knitting machines, and various computer jacquard knitting machines. It is economical and affordable; it can also be used as textile Auxiliary equipment for knitting collars, bags, ribbed mouths and belts for garments and circular knitting garments.
1. The main specifications of the flat knitting machine
The flat knitting machine is the main production equipment for the production of sweaters. The whole machine is made up of more than 130 parts. The specifications of the flat knitting machine are made according to its needle type and length, that is, there are several grooves per inch (2.54cm) of the needle pointer plate; the length is the horizontal total distance of the needle grooves on the needle plate (inch) , Which is the effective length of the needle plate. The specification name of the flat knitting machine is: 3x36, 3.5 x 6, 4X36, 5x36, 6x36, 7x36, 9X36, 11x36, 12x36 and 14x36. Change the name for the length, such as 24 inches, 32 inches, 40 inches, 42 inches and so on.
Second, the main components of the flat knitting machine
Rack, needle board, square rail, faucet, flower board.
3. Introduction to the placement of flat knitting machine parts
1. Rack: There are two hills, and the hills are connected into a whole by two beams. It is a casting. The small parts installed on the rack include a wrench, a wrench fixing screw, a needle plate screw, and a needle plate screw compression spring.
2. Needle plate: It is made of steel plate with considerable hardness. The parts on it are large bead, small bead, machine needle, tofu block and fixed screw.
3. Guide rail: The guide rail is made of parts or special steel. It is fastened to the frame with fixing screws. Generally, there are two front and rear rails, which are the track for the machine head. There is a yarn feeder rail above the rear rail. , Mainly used when feeding the yarn feeder to move the yarn feeder randomly from left to right or changing the yarn feeder.
4. Faucet: It is the heart of the flat knitting machine. The parts of the entire machine head are installed on it. Its parts include front and rear faders, pusher scorched wooden balls and screws, pusher platen (also called pusher slider), and the slider is installed Bearing. The front part of the faucet is equipped with a three-eye cover. The screw that passes through the three-eye is a trigger triangle rod. The screw in the center eye is called a live heart rod screw, a tie rod well circle and a needle pilot triangle wrench, a live heart wrench, and the machine head. The one with scale on the surface is called the scale plate, the scale plate is equipped with a small pressure plate, and the screw in the center of the scale plate is called a two-end screw. The lower end of the two-end screw is fastened to the big triangle, the center of the two-end screw is equipped with the pointer, and the ingot screw is installed on the pointer. A shuttle rack is installed behind the faucet, and the shuttle rack is equipped with a swing rod and a shuttle rod. The back of the machine head is also equipped with a latch switch. The main part on the machine head is the flower plate.
5. Flower board: The flower board is the center of the flat knitting machine. It has a bottom plate seat. All the triangles are installed on the bottom plate seat. The triangles on the flower plate include a needle triangle, a heart triangle (live chicken heart, small chicken heart), and herringbone. Triangle, big triangle.
Fourth, the resolution of the triangle number
1. Distinguishment of the starting triangle: There are four starting triangles, and its number point method is to point in the counterclockwise direction. The nearest starting triangle to the right of the handle is called No. 1, and it is clicked in the counterclockwise direction. Going down, they are the starting triangles of No. 2, No. 3, and No. 4 respectively. Note: There is a small wrench on the pull rod of the needle-raising triangle on the inner flower plate. Press the small wrench to close the needle-raising triangle, and raise the small wrench to open the needle-raising triangle. The starting triangles on the outer flower plate are respectively equipped with latch switches, the push latch is off, and the pull out latch is on.
2. Discrimination of the number of the big triangle: There are also four big triangles, and its number and point method is the same as the point method of the starting triangle. The number 1 triangle is also the closest to the right hand. The number of the big triangle usually refers to the ingot. Screw point.
3. Discrimination of the chicken heart triangle: the chicken heart triangle is also called the thimble triangle. The chicken heart triangle on the front flower board is divided into two parts, the upper one is called the live chicken heart. The lower one is called the small chicken heart.
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